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Eurasian Academy Of Sciences Social Sciences JournalYl:2016 Say: 9 Alan: Bat Dilleri ve Edebiyatlar

Arda Kpak
MODERN GZEM ROMANI'NIN KAYNAI: BEYAZLI KADIN VE BAYAN AUDLEY'NN SIRRI ROMANLARINDA SANSASYONEL ROMAN'IN KENDNE ZG ANLATIM TEKNKLER
 
Britanya Edebiyatnda nemli bir tr olarak nitelendirilen Viktorya Dnemi sansasyonel edebiyat, 1860larda ortaya kp sadece on, yirmi yl iinde kendini tketmitir. Bununla beraber, modern gizem romanlar, dedektif romanlar, gerilim ve polisiyeler gibi birok baka biimde tr devam etmitir. Sansasyonel romanlar, konularn ikinci sayfa gazete haberlerinden edindiklerinden, temel zellikleri okuyucuda sadece korku, gerilim, endie gibi basit duygular aa kartmaktr. Bu yzeysellikten dolay trn yazarlar okuyucu ve eletrmenler nezdinde baar ve saygnlk kazanmak iin kendilerinde yeni teknikler gelitirmek sorumluluu hissetmitirler. Gnmz okurunun dedektif romanlarna olan ilgisi gzard edilemeyecek durumdadr. Bu makalenin amac sansasyonel edebiyatn, modern ardllar ile olan ilikisini deerlendirebilmek iin, Wilkie Collinsin Beyazl Kadn ve Mary Elizabeth Braddonn Bayan Audleynin Srr gibi trn iki ok nemli temsilcisine atfta bulunarak kendilerine zg anlatm tarzlarnn yapsn incelemektir. Bu bakmdan alma, yazarlarn yeniliki anlatm teknikleri kullanarak okurlar ile aralarnda oluturmaya altklar ilikiyi gn na karacaktr.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Sansasyonel edebiyat, dedektif romanlar, Beyazl Kadn, Wilkie Collins, Bayan Audleynin Srr, Mary Elizabeth Bradon, anlatm teknikleri


THE ORIGIN OF MODERN MYSTERY: SENSATION NOVEL AND ITS DISTINCTIVE NARRATIVE STRUCTURE IN THE WOMAN IN WHITE AND LADY AUDLEYS SECRET
 
Victorian sensation fiction is considered to be an important genre of British fiction which flourished in 1860s and lost its thrive in a few decades. However its legacy continued in several other forms such as modern mystery novels, detective fiction, suspense and thriller. The main characteristic of sensation novels was to stimulate only basic sensations such as fear, shock, terror on their reader, as they chose their themes from sensational journal articles. As a consequence of this superficiality, the authors of this genre kept themselves responsible to create new techniques to achieve literary success and reputation in the eyes of the reader and literary critics. The interest of todays reader towards detective novels is indisputable. The aim of this essay is to examine the distinctive narrative structures of sensation fiction by referring mainly to the two most important representatives of the genre The Woman in White by Wilkie Collins and Lady Audleys Secret by Mary Elizabeth Braddon in order to evaluate the genre of sensation fiction with its modern off-springs. In this respect the study will bring into light the relationship between the author and the reader created by the author using innovative narrative techniques.

Keywords: Sensation fiction, detective novels, The Woman in White, Wilkie Collins, Lady Audleys Secret, Mary Elizabeth Braddon, narration


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