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Eurasian Academy Of Sciences Social Sciences JournalYl:2016 Say: 10 Alan: Dou Dilleri ve Edebiyatlar

Ahmet Faruk elik
RAN EDEBYATINDA H SLUP SAYILMAMI BR ARA DEVRE: ESK EDEBYATA DN HAREKET VEYA BZGET- EDEB EKOLܔ (I)
 
Bazget devresi, ran edebiyatnn iine dt slup bunalm sonucu yaad bir kurtulu abas ve kendini arama srecidir. htiaml Horasan slubu devresi, Mool devrinin getirdii aclar ve zorlamalar neticesi bir tekke ve dergah edebiyat kimliine evrildikten sonra, Hindistanda Fars dili ve edebiyatn canlandran airler Hind slubunu kurup gelitirdiler. Hindistandaki Babr Devleti sultanlarnn hlyalarla dolu efsanevi dnyalar, randa Safev hkmdarlarnn din taassubu ile oluturduklar, gerek dnyann dnda, hayallerle kark saray alemi, bu airlerin iir syleme tarz ve biiminin belirleyicisi oldu. Nihayet Horasan slubundan ok farkl, derin hayallerin, anlalmas g ok ince mana ve mazmunlarn birok Arapa kelime ile birlikte kullanlmas ve bunda da ifrata gidilmesi, edebiyat sadece bir sanat arac haline dntrd. Onu sade halktan kopard. te bylesi bir ortamn yaratt psikoloji iinde bir ksm ranl air ve yazar, edebiyat tekrar eski asli hviyetine dndrmek iin areler arad. Ancak deiim ve yenilenme hususunda hem yeterli tecrbeleri bulunmadndan, hem yenilemeye kar kan otorite sahibi ediplerin kar kmas ile yeniden Rudeki, Ferruhi, Firdevsi ve Minuihri gibi ilk devir ustalarn taklit ederek sade Horasan slubuna dnmeye karar verdiler. Avrupadaki yeniliklerden ve yenilemeden habersiz ran edebiyat, iki yz yla yakn bir sre adna Bazget Hareketi veya Bazget Ekol denen bu taklit slupla eser vermeye devam etti. Ta 19. yzylla birlikte merutiyetin ilanna kadar.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Bazget, Bazget Ekol, ran Edebiyat


AN INTERRAGNUM PERIOD IN IRANIAN LITERATURE THAT NEVER BEEN ACCEPTED A REAL LITERARY STYLE: THE LITERAL TURNABOUT MOTION OR BAZGESHT SCHOOL (I)
 
Bazgest is a period when Persian Literature strived for salvation and self-quests after a time that brought a style depression with it. After the magnificent period of Khorosan style evolved into a dervish lodge literature as a result of sorrows and constrains that Mongols had brought, poets that gave life to Persian Language and Literature again in Indian sphere developed a style called Hindi. In India, life of Mughal Emperors full of phantasms; and in Persia, palace life mixed with phantasms and aside from the real world determined in accordance with religious bigotry by Safavid rulers were the definitive drives for the style and form of these poets. At the end, very different from Khorosan style, deep phantasms, use of abstrusely delicate meaning and poetic themes with Arabic words, besides going far ahead with this turned literature into a medium of art. It only separated literature from people. Under the effect of such a mood, some Persian poets and writers sought for ways to restore the literature its original state. Nevertheless, as a result of both lack of experience concerning transformation and renaissance, and oppositions made by eminent literary men they decided to take the simple and plain Khorosan style by imitating early masters such as Rudaki, Farruhi, Firdavsi and Manochihri. Unaware of innovations and changes in Europe, Persian literature had continued to produce its literal works with this fake style called Bazgesht Movement or Bazgesht Ecole of Persian Literature for two hundred years approximately by the time constitutional period in 19th century.

Keywords: Bazgesht, Bazgesht Ecole, Iranian Literature


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