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Eurasian Academy Of Sciences Social Sciences JournalYl:2022 Say: 40 Alan: ktisat

Jale YALINPALA OKGEZEN
N OTOMOTV SEKTRNN GELM
 
Uzun yllar kat sosyalizm uygulamas altnda yaayan inde mevcut durumun srdrlemeyecei anlalm, 1978 ylnda balayan srele ekonomi politikalarnda nemli deiiklikler yaanm, bu deiiklikler otomotiv sektrnde yansmasn bulmutur. in ekonomisi uygulanan politikalarn nda hzla bym, zellikle otomotiv sektr retimde ve pazar paynda dnyada birinci srada yer almtr. Bu baarnn gereklemesinde dorudan yabanc sermaye yatrmlarn eken politika uygulamalar etkili olmutur. inin Dnya Ticaret rgtne (DT) yelii ile yeni bir dnem balam, daha liberal politikalar uygulanm, sektrdeki baz kstlamalar kaldrlmtr. Bu almada otomotiv sektrndeki gelimeler farkl mlkiyet yaplar balamnda ortaya konmu, yabanc ortakl retim yapsndan yerli reticilerin rettii ulusal marka otomobillerin yer ald bir piyasa yapsna doru bir evrim gereklemitir. Ancak sektr iinde yaanan gelimelerden kaynaklanan eitli sorunlar nedeniyle yerli otomotiv sektrnn istenen dzeyde gelime gsteremedii anlalmaktadr.

Anahtar Kelimeler: in, Otomotiv endstrisi, Sanayi politikas


DEVELOPMENT OF CHINA AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY
 
Starting from 1978, China, which had been living under the strict socialism practice for many years, adopted major economic reforms towards liberalization and outward orientation. These changes have been reflected in the automotive sector too. After the initiation of the reforms, Chinese economy has grown rapidly and the automotive sector has taken the first place in the world in production and market share. Success of the automobile industry largely attributable to policy practices that attracted foreign direct investments. A new era has started with China's membership to the World Trade Organization (WTO). More liberal policies have been implemented, and some restrictions in the sector have been removed. In this study, the developments in the automotive sector are presented in the context of different ownership structures. Study results indicate that there has been an evolution from a production structure with foreign partners to a market structure in which national brand automobiles produced by domestic manufacturers. However, it is understood that the domestic automotive industry could not performed at the desired level due to various problems arising from the developments in the sector.

Keywords: China, Automotive industry, Industrial policy


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