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Eurasian Academy Of Sciences Social Sciences JournalYl:2021 Say: 37 Alan: Tarih

Sadiye TUTSAK,Seda KAYAN
ML MCADELE VE CUMHURYETN LK YILLARINDA ADANA VLAYET HLAL- AHMER CEMYETݒNN FAALYETLER (1918-1928)
 
Yzyllardr sre gelen dnem dnem byk ykmlara sebep olan sava, doal afet gibi insanl derinden etkileyecek olaylarn yaanmas toplumlarda yardmlama isteini dourmutur. Ancak etkili bir yardmlamann salanabilmesi iin nce kurumsallamak gerekiyordu. Avrupada bu anlamda Kzlha kurulmu ardndan 19. Yzyln sonlarna doru ise Osmanl Devletinde Avrupadakine benzer bir kurum tekil edilmiti. Bu nemli kurumun ad Hilal-i Ahmerdir. II. Merutiyetin ilanndan sonra Hilal-i Ahmer stanbul dnda da ubeler am, gerek Birinci Dnya Sava srasnda ve sonrasnda gerekse Milli Mcadele dnemi ve sonrasnda yapt vazifelerle devletin ykn hafifletirken, sava nedeniyle yaralanan, g etmek zorunda kalan muhta insanlardan efkatini esirgememitir. Adana Hilal-i Ahmer ubesi ile ilgili kaytlara Birinci Dnya Sava dneminde ulaabilmekle birlikte Milli Mcadele srasnda oluturulan Yedinci Adana-Konya mdad- Shhiye Heyeti olarak takip edebilmekteyiz. Adana Hilal-i Ahmer Cemiyeti hakknda kurumsal anlamda bilgileri Milli Mcadelenin hemen ardndaki dnemde takip edebiliyoruz. Bu almada Kzlay Arivi, dneme ait olan Hilal-i Ahmer Mecmuas gibi ana kaynaklar ve aratrma eserlerden yararlanlarak Milli Mcadele yllarndaki Adana- Konya mdad- Shhiye Heyeti ve Cumhuriyetin ilk yllarna kadar olan salk faaliyetleri ubenin mali gelirleri, idare heyeti hakknda bilgi verilmeye allacaktr.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Adana, Milli Mcadele, Hilal-i Ahmer, Yedinci Adana mdad- Shhiye Heyeti, Yardm.


THE ACTIVITIES OF THE RED CRESCENT SOCIETY OF ADANA IN THE TURKISH NATIONAL MOVEMENT AND EARLY YEARS OF THE REPUBLIC
 
Events that deeply affect humanity, such as war and natural disasters, which have been going on for years and cause great destruction, enabled societies to help each other. However, it was necessary to institutionalize to provide effective cooperation. For this reason, the Red Cross was established in Europe and then an institution like the Red Cross was constituted in the Ottoman Empire. This institutions name is Red Crescent. After the declaration of the Second Constitutional, it started to operate outside of Istanbul. It helped the people of state who injured in war and forced to emigrate, with its support both in the First World War and during the National Movement. We may reach the records of the Red Crescent in Adana branch with the period of the first world war and we may learn information about Red Crescent as Seventh Adana-Konya Emergency Medicine Service during the National Movement. Institutional Information about Red Crescent may be reached since the first world war. This article aims to present information about medicine activities, the administrative committee and financial income of Seventh Adana-Konya Emergency Medicine Service during the period of the National Movement and The Republican Period, by making use of the main sources such as Red Crescent Journal and archive of Red Crescent.

Keywords: Adana, the National Movement, Red Crescent, Seventh Adana-Konya Emergency Medicine Service, Aid


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