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Eurasian Academy Of Sciences Social Sciences JournalYl:2021 Say: 36 Alan: Trk Dili ve Edebiyat

Betl ERLEK GVEN
NEF DVANINDA RAKP
 
Klasik edebiyat ile Halk edebiyatnn kesiim noktalarndan biri phesiz k ve beraberinde getirdii sorunlardr. An sorunlarnn banda ise rakibi olan dier klar gelir. Rakip, yabanclar, eller, bakas, ayar, kt kiidir. Rakip, aa yanl haber verir, k ile mauun kavumasn engeller, aa yalan syler, zarar verir. Rakip, sevgiliye her daim yakn a da sevgiliye asla yaklatrmayan bir engeldir. Rakip k ile sevgili arasnda kskanlk ve fitne kararak onlarn kavumasna mani olan ansa en gl dmandr. Aa gre rakip bazen bir tane bazense onlarcadr. Bu almada 17. yzyl Trk edebiyatnn en nemli deerlerinden biri olan Nefinin Rakip mazmununu nasl ve hangi durumlarda ele aldn, rakibi ne ekilde ele ald saptama yaplmtr. slup bakmndan vgy de yergiyi de abartl bir ekilde sunmu olan Nefinin rakibine ve rakiplerine ne ekilde hitap ettii gz nne serilmitir. Nefi kendinden beklenen kibirli bir slupla rakiplerini yere sererken rakibini dman grmenin bile rakip iin bir gurur kayna olacan syler.Sonu olarak Klasik edebiyatta divan iirinde kullanlan sosyo kltrel halk elerinin Nefi divannda nasl temsil edildiine k tutulmaya alld.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Sosyal-kltrel unsur, Rakip, Nefi divannda rakip, rakip yerine kullanlan kavramlar, kaside.


RIVAL IN NEF'S DVAN
 
On of the intersections of folk literature undoubtedly lover and the problems he brings. At the beginning of the problems of the lovers other lovers namely rival come first. Rivals are competitors, foreigners, others, someone elses and bad people. The rival gives false information to the lover, prevents the lover from seeing the beloved, lies to the lover, hurts him and ect. Rivals also, are obstacles fort he lovers who want to be close to the sweetheart. Creating jealousy and sedition between the lover and the beloved the rival is preventing their meeting and he is the most powerful enemy of a lover. According to the lover, the rival is sometimes one sometimes many.In this study, how the rival is represented is used in 17th century-poet Nefis Divan, and how the rival was reflected by him. It is the matter of curiosity that how the rival was described and named by Nefi who used praise and the satire with exaggeration. Having a huge arrogance, while Nefi was beating his enemies he thinks that regarding the rival as enemy would also be an honor for him. In conclusion, it was tried to shed light on how the socio-cultural folk items of classical literature were represented in Nefi Divan.

Keywords: Social-cultural element, rival, Nefi divan, concepts used instead of rival, eulogy


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