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Eurasian Academy Of Sciences Social Sciences JournalYl:2021 Say: 34 Alan: Gzel Sanatlar - Sahne Sanatlar

Cihangir SAYIN, Mustafa GEN, Deniz ELKER
HALI VE KLMLERDE ONARIM YNTEMLER
 
Kltrel deiim karsnda toplumlar, kimliklerini meydana getiren kltrel unsurlar koruma abas iindedir. Bu unsurlar arasnda maddi kltr varlklar, tanr ve tanmaz nitelikleriyle nemli bir yer tutar. Hal ve kilimler, toplumlarn maddi ve manevi dnyalarna ait kltrel birikimi yanstan tanr kltr varlklar olmakla birlikte geleneksel yaplar ile de somut olmayan kltrel miras kapsamnda ele alnmaktadr. Hal ve kilimler kltrmz yanstan kkl bir gelenein belgeleridir. levleri ile sosyal hayatn bir paras olmann tesinde, retildii dnemin tasarm anlayn, estetik zevkini gsteren bir nitelikleri ile toplumlarn kltrel kimliini ortaya koyan unsurlardan biridir. Organik yaplar ile korumann zor olduu dokumalar, toplum ve ait olduu kltrle olan ba glendirebilecek kltrel unsurlardr. Dokuma geleneimiz iinde zel bir yere sahip olan hal ve kilimler, tad kltrel, tarihsel ve sanatsal deere bal olarak mze ve zel koleksiyonlarda deer grmekte ve evrensel kltre katk salamaktadr. Bu eserlerin deerini kaybetmeden gelecek kuaklara aktarlabilmesi iin; tad kltrel deerin ortaya konulmas, koruma ve onarm bakmndan doru yaklam eklinin belirlenmesi nem arz etmektedir. Onarlacak halnn ya da kilimin tad kltrel deere bal olarak yaplacak ilemve uygulamalar deiebilmektedir. Gnlk hayatta dekoratif amal kullanlan bir dokumann onarm iin yeniden ilev kazanmas ncelik olmaktadr. Bu almada hal ve kilimlerin onarm teknikleri, onarm ncesi ilemler, onarm teknikleri ve onarm sonras ilemleri olmak zere tm sreler anlatlmtr. Literatr aratrmas ve alan aratrma yntemi ile konunun belgelenmesi iin Ispartada Cengiz Akku restorasyon atlyesinde ve Aksaray Sultanhannda ki Mustafa Solak restorasyon atlyelerinde uygulamalar gerekletirilmitir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Kltrel Miras, Koruma, Onarm, Hal, Kilim


REPAIR METHODS OF CARPETS AND KILIMS
 
In the face of cultural change, societies strive to protect the cultural elements that make up their identities. Among these elements, material cultural assets have an important place with their movable and immovable properties. Although carpets and rugs are movable cultural assets that reflect the cultural accumulation of the material and spiritual worlds of societies, they are also considered within the scope of intangible cultural heritage with their traditional structures. Carpets and rugs are documents of a deep-rooted tradition that reflects our culture. Beyond being a part of social life with its functions, it is one of the elements that reveal the cultural identity of societies with its qualities that show the design understanding and aesthetic taste of the period in which it was produced. Textiles, which are difficult to protect with their organic structures, are cultural elements that can strengthen the bond with the society and the culture they belong to. Having a special place in our weaving tradition, carpets and rugs are valued in museums and private collections depending on their cultural, historical and artistic value and contribute to the universal culture. In order to transfer these works to future generations without losing their value; It is important to reveal the cultural value it carries and to determine the correct approach in terms of protection and restoration. Depending on the cultural value of the carpet or rug to be repaired, the procedures and applications may vary. Re-functioning of a fabric used for decorative purposes in daily life is a priority for repair. In this study, repair techniques of carpets and rugs, pre-repair operations, repair techniques and post-repair processes are explained. Practices were carried out in Cengiz Akku restoration workshop in Isparta and Mustafa Solak restoration workshops in Aksaray Sultanhan for literature research and field research method to document the subject.

Keywords: CulturalHeritage, Conservation, Repair, Carpet, Rug


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