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Eurasian Academy Of Sciences Social Sciences JournalYl:2020 Say: 33 Alan: Mzik

Glnaz ABDULLAZADE
AZERBAYCAN'DA "GAYTAG" DANSININ AREALI
 
Azerbaycan halk mzii ve folklorunun aratrlmasndaki ilk adm XIX yzylda byk besteci zeyir Hacbayli tarafndan atld. zeyir beyin balatt bu yolu ileride bir ok mzisyenler tarafndan devam ettirilmektedir. .Hacbeyli tarafndan kurulan bu gelenein, yani Azerbaycan'n folklor rneklerinin derlemesi ve halk mzii miras almalarnn bugnde srdrlmesi memnuniyet vericidir. Bu sraya Gayta dansn da ekleyebiliriz. Gayta dans, bir zamanlar Azerbaycan'da ok popler olan ancak yllar iinde unutulmu eski bir dans trdr. Ana nedenlerden biri, bu tr danslarn zamannda derlenmedi veya aratrlmaddr. Aratrma sonucunda Azerbaycan'n hangi blgelerinin bu danslara ve tarihi alana ait olduu hakknda ilgin bilgiler elde edildi. Eski mzisyenler ve ustalarn elde ettii tarihsel gereklere gre, Gaytag dansnn, hem mzii, hem de melodik dili isimlerinin Azerbaycan halkna ait olduu doruland. Dier Kafkas halklarnn halk mziinde benzer danslara sahip olduuna dikkat edilmelidir. Ancak, her dans trn mzikal yaps, dili ulusal karakterini ve etnik kkenini dorultur. Aratrma sonucunda Gaytag dansnn ounluunun Azerbaycan'n kuzey blgesinden (Khizi, Shabran, Guba, Gusar) ve kuzeybat blgesinde (Sheki, Zagatala, Gakh) yaygn olduu aratrmalar sonucu ortaya kmtr. Ancak bu danslarn yan sra Karaba (ua, Adam), irvan'da (Asu, amah) benzeri dans trleri var.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Azerbaycan, Dans, Gaita, Alan, Folklor


THE GAITAGI DANCE SPHERE IN AZERBAIJAN
 
The first step in study of Azerbaijani folk music and folklore was made in the 19th century by our great composer Uzeyir Hajibeyli. This path started by great composer Uzeyir Bay was successfully passed by his followers in future. It is gratifying that this tradition, founded by Uzeyir. Hajibeyli, i.e. collection of folklore samples of Azerbaijan and study of folk music heritage, continues to this day.The Gaitagi dance can be counted among the above. Gaitagi is an ancient dance, very popular in Azerbaijan at that time, but forgotten over the years. One of the main reasons is that this type of dance was not collected or researched in due time. As a result of the research, interesting information was received about the regions of Azerbaijan where this dance was performed in the historical period. According to historical facts obtained by ancient musicians and masters, it was confirmed that the names of Kaitagi dances, both their music and their melodic language, belong to the Azerbaijani people. It should be noted that other peoples of the Caucasus have similar dances in folk music. However, the language of the music of each game confirms its national character and ethnic affiliation.As a result of the study it became clear that the majority of Gaytaga dances come from the northern region of Azerbaijan (Khizi, Shabran, Guba, Gusar) and the north-western region (Sheki, Zagatala, Gakh). But besides these dances there are also similar species created in Garabagh (Shusha, Agdam), Shirvan (Agsu, Shamakhi).

Keywords: Azerbaijan, Dance, Rehearsal, Areal, Folklore


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