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Eurasian Academy Of Sciences Social Sciences JournalYl:2020 Say: 28 Alan: Spor Bilimleri

Frat AKYZ
CUMHURYET DNEM OLMPYAT KONULU POSTA PULLARININ NCELENMES
 
Pul; Posta cretlerinin denmesi iin mektup zarf, kartpostallara ve damga resmine karlk ktlara yaptrlan, ait olduu lkenin birok kltrel deerini tayan, eitli geometrik ekillerde ve filigranl olabilen basm yaplm kk bir deerli kattr. Pul ayn zamanda bamsz lkelerin basabildii, lkelerin sahip olduu deerleri tm dnyaya tantan ve filatelistler sayesinde nesilden nesile aktarlan bir deerdir. Gnmzde pullar farkl alan, ama ve konularda retilen, basm ve sat devletlerce planlanan deerli ktlar statsnde kullanlmaktadr. Basm gerekletirilen pullarda yer alan temalardan biri de olimpiyatlardr. Bu almada ama, Trkiyede gnmze kadar basm yaplan pullarda yer alan olimpiyat olgusunu incelemektir. lk puldan aratrmann yapld tarihe kadar baslan pullar incelenerek, yllara gre olimpiyatlarda elde edilen dereceler ve olimpiyat temal pullar, grsel ve konu anlamnda deerlendirilmitir. Buna gre; pullarda genel anlamda olimpiyat bayra ve bu bayra simgeleyen renklerin n planda tutulduu, bununla beraber kimi pullarda tarih sahnesinde iz brakan nemli sporcularn portrelerine, kimilerinde ise olimpiyat branlarnn figrlerine yer verildii grlmtr. Genel olarak bakldnda gnmze kadar gelen pul tasarmlarnda gre elerin daha fazla kullanld sylenebilir. ncelenen pullar sahip olduklar tasarm zellikleriyle basld dnemin zelliklerini de yanstmaktadr. Her drt ylda bir dzenlenen Olimpiyatlar tm lkelerin spor kltrlerinde en ba sraya konulmutur. Pullarn kltrel bir deer tad dnld zaman, ierisinde o lkenin olimpik kltrn de barndrmas ve basl olarak yanstmas nemli bir kltr aktarm olarak grlmektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Pul, Filateli, Olimpiyat Pullar, Mektup, Posta


INVESTIGATION OF POSTAGE STAMPS ON THE OLYMPIC PERIOD OF THE REPUBLIC
 
Stamp is a small, precious piece of paper that is stuck on letter envelopes, postcards and on papers for the payment of postal fees which is printed in various geometric shapes, that may contain watermarks on and that carries many cultures values of the country it belongs to. Stamp is also a value that can be printed by independent countries and introduce the values of the countries to the whole world and that is passed down from generation to generation thanks to philatelists. Today, stamps are used in the status of valuable papers produced for different fields, purposes and subjects, planned to be printed and sold by the states. One of the themes included on the printed stamps is the Olympics. The aim of this study is to examine the phenomenon of Olympics in stamps printed to date in Turkey. The earliest and latest stamps were examined, and the degrees obtained in the Olympics and the stamps with an Olympic theme were evaluated in terms of visual aspects and theme. Accordingly; it is seen that the Olympic flag and the colors symbolizing this flag are kept in the foreground, however, portraits of important athletes who left their mark on the history scene were given place on some stamps, and in others, figures of the Olympic branches were used. In general, it can be said that elements related to wrestling are more frequently used in stamp designs up to the present day. The stamps examined reflect the features of the period they were printed in with their design features. Organized every four years, the Olympics are at the top of the sports culture of all countries. Considering that the stamps have a cultural value, it is seen as an important cultural transfer that stamps also include the Olympic culture of that country and reflects it in print.

Keywords: Stamp, Philately, Olympic Stamps, Letter, Post


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