TR
Eurasian Academy Of Sciences Social Sciences JournalYl:2019 Say: 23 Alan: Trk Dili ve Edebiyat

Tuba ZKAN
AHMET MDHAT EFENDݒNN TANZMAT DNEM BASININA KATKISI: DAARCIK MECMUASI
 
Ahmet Midhat Efendinin 1872-1873 yllarnda kard Daarck mecmuasyla ilgili bu almada, mecmuann Osmanl basn ve dnce tarihindeki konumu ele alnacaktr. Ksa mrl olmasna ramen Daarck mecmuas, Trk basnnda nemli etkiler yaratr. Tanzimat dneminin eklektik ve ansiklopedist dnce yapsn yanstan mecmuada, eitli konularda telif ve tercme yazlara yer verilir. Bu yazlarda ele alnan meseleler vlgarize edilerek halkn seviyesine uygun bir ekilde sade bir dille okura aktarlr. Daarck mecmuasndaki yazlarn byk bir ksm Ahmet Midhat Efendiye aittir. Ayrca Recaizade Mahmud Ekremin telif ve tercme yazlar, eitli okur mektuplar ve okurlar tarafndan yazlan yazlar mecmuada yer alr. Ahmet Midhat Efendinin yaz hayatnn erken dnem rnekleri olan bu yazlarda ele alnan grler ve konular yazarn sonraki eserlerinin kayna niteliindedir. Gerek kurmaca gerek fikr eserlerinde ayn meseleler ve temalar gelitirilerek veya deitirilerek ele alnr. Ahmet Midhat Efendi Daarckta evrim teorisi gibi o dnemde yadrganabilecek konulara temas ettii iin zellikle din zmreden baz kiiler tarafndan ar tenkitlere ve sulamalara hedef olmutur. Gelen tepkiler zerine grlerini din kaideler ile temellendirerek kendini savunan yazlar yine ayn mecmuada yaymlamtr. Daarckn yayn, Maarif Meclisinin izni alnmadan karld gerekesiyle onuncu saysndan sonra durdurulur.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Ahmet Midhat Efendi, basn tarihi, mecmua, Osmanl modernlemesi, halk eitimi, bilim tarihi, popler bilim


AHMET MDHAT EFENDݒS CONTRIBUTION TO THE PRESS IN THE PERIOD OF TANZMAT: PERIODICAL DAARCIK
 
This study about the periodical Daarck published by Ahmet Midhat Efendi between 1872-1873 discusses the status of the periodical in the Ottoman press and history of thought. Although short-lived, Daarck affects the Ottoman press significantly. Reflecting the eclectic and encyclopedist mindset of the Tanzimat period, the periodical involves original and translated works on various subjects. The issues addressed are vulgarised and conveyed to the reader in a simple and plain language understandable by the common people. Most of the works in Daarck belong to Ahmet Midhat Efendi. The periodical also includes the translations by Recaizade Mahmud Ekrem and his original works, various letters and works by readers. The ideas and issues discussed in these works, which are the examples of Ahmet Midhat Efendi's early writing life, are considered to be the source of the later works of the author. Both his fictional and intellectual works deal with the same issues and themes by developing or diversifying them. Ahmet Midhat Efendi has been the target of heavy criticism and accusations by some people from the religious community in particular as he touched upon topics that was regarded strange at that time, such as the theory of evolution. He published his works defending his views by grounding them upon religious principles against the reactions in the same periodical. Publication of Daarck is stopped after its tenth issue on the grounds that it has been published without the permission of the Council of Education.

Keywords: Ahmet Midhat Efendi, history of press, modernization of the Ottoman Empire, public education, history of science, popular science.


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