TR
Eurasian Academy Of Sciences Social Sciences JournalYl:2019 Say: 23 Alan: ktisat

Alper Yaln, Sevda Yaln
RETM VE DI TCARET EKSENNDE TRKYEDEK YALI TOHUM TARIMININ YETKNL (2002-2017)
 
Trkiyede tahllarn ve bitkisel rnlerin retiminin bazsnda kendine yeterlilik salanmken baz rnlerde ise (baklagiller, msr ve pirin retimi) belirli yllar itibariyle i talebi karlayamad grlmektedir. Yal tohumlar ve ya veren meyvelerin retiminde ise genelde i talebi karlamak bir tarafa Trkiyenin tamamen darya baml bir hale geldii ve net bir ithalat olduu sonucu ortaya kmaktadr. 2002-2017 dneminde tarm sektrndeki d ticaret asndan yal tohumlar ve ya veren meyveler (SITC Rev4, Dzey-2, SITC 22) kategorisinde Trkiye; artan oranda ve srekli bir d ticaret a vermitir. On alt yllk srete 18.6 milyar dolarlk bir ithalata karlk 2.1 milyar dolarlk ihracat gereklemi ve sonuta Trkiye toplamda yalnzca bir grup tarm rnnde yaklak 16.5 milyar dolarlk d ticaret a ile kar karya kalmtr. Bu almann amac; Trkiyenin 2002-2017 dneminde yal tohum retimindeki ve d ticaretindeki gelimeleri incelemek suretiyle mevcut durumu deerlendirmek ve Trkiyenin yal tohum politikas asndan gelecee ynelik izlemesi gereken tutumla ilgili nerilerde bulunabilmektir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: yal tohum, retim, d ticaret, sorun ve zm nerileri


TURKEYS AXIS AGRICULTURE OIL SEEDS WITH REGARD TO PRODUCTION AND FOREIGN TRADE (2002-2017)
 
In some of the production of cereals and vegetable products in Turkey is achieved self-sufficiency in some products (legumes, maize and rice production) appears to meet the domestic demand as of the particular year. Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits are generally in the production of domestic demand has become a party to meet Turkey's completely dependent and arises out of a result that a net importer. Period 2002-2017 in terms of foreign trade in the agricultural sector" oil seeds and oleaginous fruit (SITC Rev4, Level-2, SITC 22)" category in Turkey; increased trade and a constant foreign trade deficit. Sixteen-year period in exchange for a $ 18.6 billion $ 2.1 billion in imports and exports have taken place resulting in a total of only one group of agricultural products in Turkey was faced with about 16.5 billion foreign trade deficit. The purpose of this study is; The 2002-2017 period is to assess the current situation in Turkey found by examining the developments in the foreign trade and oilseed production for Turkey to follow and suggestions regarding the future hold in terms of the oilseed policy.

Keywords: oilseed, production, foreign trade, problem and solutions


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