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Eurasian Academy Of Sciences Social Sciences JournalYl:2018 Say: 18 Alan: Hukuk

mer ZKAN, Ouzhan ZELK, Hasan BARDAKI, Emre CEYLAN GNEL
AKREDTFL DEME YNTEMNE UYGUN OLARAK DENZ KONMENTOLARININ HAZIRLANMASI
 
Akreditifli demede eyann mlkiyetini temsil asndan biri deniz yolu konimentosu ve dieri polie olmak zere iki belge kullanmdadr. Mlkiyetten kaynakl olas risklerin bertaraf ve akreditifli demede banka gvencesinin devamll iin sz konusu iki belgenin doru hazrlanmas son derece nem arz etmektedir. hracat firmalarn, akreditifli demeye uygun olarak denizyolu konimentosu ve polieleri hazrlayabilmelerine teminen bu konuda amir, nemli unsur olan akreditif artlar, UCP 600 ve ISPB 745 dhilinde hareket etmeleri elzemdir. Yukarda dercedilen kaynak nda uygun ibrazda bulunabilme belirli dzeyde deneyim ve bilgi gerektirdiinden, Trkiyede yerleik, d ticareti olan ve akreditifli demeyi tercih eden firmalarn, uygun vesaik hazrlama konusunda kavram kargaas yaamalar nedeniyle, genelde rezervli vesaik ibraz ederek amir banka ve varsa teyit bankasnn deme ykmll garantisinden faydalanamamakta, ihracat bedellerini ge almakta ve ekstra masraf/komisyon demekte olduklar gzlenmitir. Bu almada, konunun kapsamnn geni olmas sebebiyle sadece deniz yolu konimentolarnn akreditifli demeye uygun olarak hazrlanmasnn kritik ve nemli hususlarna yer verilmi, uygulamada rastlanan sk hatalar gz nne alnarak aklamalar ve neriler getirilmitir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Akreditif, Kymetli evrak, Rezerv, UCP 600, ISBP 745


ISSUING NEGOTIABLE DOCCUMENTS IN ACCORDANCE WITH PAYMENT METHOD OFLETTER OF CREDIT
 
Two documents as the bill of landing and the policy are in use in terms of presentation of the commodity property in payment method of letter of credits. To prepare both two documents correctly is extremely important to dispose of the possible risks based on the property and continuity of the bank guarantee for the payment by letter of credit. There are three vital components in which ensure the exporter companies to prepare the bill of landing and policies agreeable to the letter of credit. These three crucial components as follows; terms and conditions of the letter of credit, UCP 600 and ISPB 745. Since to be able to accurately submit under the three sources mentioned above needs at a certain level of experience and knowledge, it is observed that the localized companies in Turkey who actualize foreign business and prefer to pay with letter of credit experience contradiction in terms on preparing applicable documents, cannot benefit from the guarantee of the payment obligation of the issuing bank and if any, the confirming bank by submitting discrepant document. In addition to this, these companies receive the export proceeds late and pay extra charges/commission. This paper makes suggestions and accounts for the critical and substantial ways of preparing only bill of lading due to wide scope of the subject its large to the payment with letter of credit by considering the common mistakes in practice

Keywords: Letter of credit, Negotiable documents, UCP 600, ISBP 745


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