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Eurasian Academy Of Sciences Social Sciences JournalYl:2018 Say: 18 Alan: Sanat Tarihi ve Arkeoloji

kriye Pnar ZYALVA
18.YZYILDA OSMANLI SEKNLERNN ZEL HAMAMLARI
 
Osmanl toplumunun temizliine dair yaplan almalar, genellikle vakflar eliyle ina edilen hamamlar erevesinde ele alnm, zel hayatn bir paras olan konut hamamlar ise gnmze ulaan yaplar zerinden, genelde mimarlk tarihileri tarafndan deerlendirilmitir. Bu almada 18.yzyl stanbulunda kullanlan ancak gnmze ulamayan Osmanl st snf ricalinin evlerindeki hamamlar incelenmitir. Sz konusu hamamlarn fiziksel zellikleri, kullanlan eyalarn neler olduu gibi sorulara cevap aramak adna ana kaynak olarak Babakanlk Osmanl Arivinde (D.BM.MHF tasnifinde) yer alan Muhallefat Defterlerine bavurulmutur. Msadere uygulamasnn (len kiilerin ardnda braktklar servetin devlet hazinesine aktarlmas) bir sonucu olarak ortaya kan bu defterlerin hazrlanma srecinde titizlikle davranld dikkati ekmektedir. Mhrlenen konutlardaki eyalar kaydeden msadere ktiplerinin mekn donatlarnn bulunduklar yerler hakknda detay vermesi, msaderesi yaplan kiinin mal varlnn yan sra evinin bykl ve meknlarn isimleri gibi konularda nemli bilgilere ulamamza imkn vermitir. Bu balamda konut hamamlar hakknda ulalan veriler sayesinde bu meknlarn fiziksel zelliklerini ve tefri elemanlarn bir arada ortaya koyan aydnlatc bilgilere ulalmtr. Hamamlarn camekn, soukluk gibi blmleri olmas kent dokusu iinde yer alan hamamlarn tipolojik zelliklerine benzer ekilde bir mekn organizasyonu sergilediini gstermitir. Ayrca konut hamamlarnn konumlanlar ve blmlenmelerinin yan sra hamamlarda kullanlan (oturma elemanlar, camekn demesi, hamam takm, hamam raht, hamam tas, petamal, havlu, sabun gibi) objeler hakknda da bilgi edinilmitir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Hamam, Konut, 18.Yzyl, Muhallefat, stanbul


PERSONAL BATHS OF THE OTTOMAN ELTE N THE 18TH CENTURY
 
The studies on the personal hygiene in the Ottoman society were generally examined within the framework of "baths built by (waqf) foundations" and the residential baths, which are part of the private life, have been evaluated by architectural historians. In this study, residential baths are examined as private washing places located in the houses of 18th century Istanbul high-ranking state officials according to the Muhallefat Defters in the Ottoman Archives of the Turkish Prime Ministry. Confiscation of the property and registering the goods in the sealed houses by the officers enabling us to reach important information like detailed presentation of places and where space facilities are located. In this context, data about housing baths provides enlightening information as the physical properties of these spaces and the furnishing elements. Because it is a practice that firstly comes from the upper classes as a part of the process that begins with the water being delivered to the houses, it is also meaningful to choose the study area of the houses of Ottoman bureaucrats. It is thought that these baths have similar named parts exhibit a space organization in a similar way to the typological characteristics of the public baths in urban texture. Besides their positioning and segmentation of residential baths information is also provided on the objects such as seating elements, frames, bath sets, hammocks, bowls, loincloths, towels, and soaps.

Keywords: Bath, House, 18th Century, Muhallefat, Istanbul


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