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Eurasian Academy Of Sciences Social Sciences JournalYl:2018 Say: 17 Alan: Halk Bilimi

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MUHSN KADIOLUNUN NAR LKES ENDLSN SON YILLARI ADLI ROMANINDA HALK BLM UNSURLARI
 
Nar lkesi Endlsn Son Yllar adl eser, 15. yzylda spanyollar tarafndan spanyadan kovulan Mslman ve Yahudilere, Trklerin nasl yardm eli uzattnn gerek hikyesini anlatan Muhsin Kadolunun kaleme ald tarih bir romandr. Romanda, bir yandan spanyollarn, Mslman ve Yahudilere yapt zulm anlatlrken bir yandan da Kemal Reisin hikyesi nakledilir. spanyollarn Endlsteki Mslmanlara kar giritikleri Yeniden Fetih(Reconquista) siyaseti, tm bu yaanmlklar edeb eser kurgusuyla romana aktarlrken halk bilimi unsurlarndan da olduka fazla yararlanlmtr. Gelenekten beslenen halk kltr szl gelenekte var olurken, edeb eserlerin bnyesinde, yaznn gcyle de yarnlara tanr. Mill ve manev pek ok deeri znde barndran halk kltr, hemen her dnemde edeb eserlere esin kayna olmutur. Edeb bir yaptta hangi konunun nemsendii kadar eserin hangi kaynaklardan beslendii de olduka nemlidir. Muhsin Kadolu, edeb eserlerinde mill ve manev deerleri yaptlarnn ne kan meseleleri olarak ele alrken tarih ve corafi bilimleri, halk kltr unsurlarn bir harmoni iinde sentezleyerek okuyucuya sunmay baaran bir yazardr. Nar lkesi Endlsn Son Yllar adl roman, iledii konu itibariyle yaand dnemin erevesiyle snrl kalmayp Trk-slam tarihi asndan olduu kadar dnya tarihi asndan da bugn de gncelliini koruyan ok nemli bir meseleyi ele almas bakmndan nem arz etmektedir. Bu makalede, Nar lkesi Endlsn Son Yllar adl romann beslendii kklerden halk bilimi unsurlar; menkbe, efsane, memorat, formlistik say, gei dnemleri, ad verme, totemizm, lakaplar, giyim-kuam, halk inanlar gibi folklorik geler tespit edilecek ve bu unsurlarn tahlili yaplacaktr.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Muhsin Kadolu, Nar lkesi Endlsn Son Yllar, Yeniden Fetih(Reconquista), Folklor


FOLKLORIC ELEMENTS IN THE NOVEL NAMED THE LAND OF POMEGRANATE THE LAST YEARS OF ANDALUSIA BY MUHSN KADIOLU
 
"The Land of Pomegranate The Last Years of Andalusia" is a historical novel written by Muhsin Kadolu, telling the true story of the Turks helped the Muslims and Jews who were expelled from Spain by the Spaniards in the 15th century. In the novel, while the Spaniards persecutions against the Muslims and Jews is told on one hand, the story of Kemal Reis is narrated on the other hand. While the "Reconquista" politics of the Spaniards against the Muslims in Andalusia and all these experiences were ransferred to the novel through literary work, folkloric elements were also exploited quite a lot. Folk culture fueled by traditions continues its existence in oral tradition, but it is also transferred to the future with the power of writing through literary works. Folk culture, which has many national and spiritual values in its essence, has been a source of inspiration for literary works in almost every period of the history. In a literary work, which sources are used is very important as well as which subjects are taken into consideration. While Muhsin Kadolu approaches to the national and spiritual values as prominent topics in his literary works, he also succeeds in presenting the historical and geographical sciences to the reader by synthesizing the elements of folk culture in a harmony. The novel, The Land of Pomegranate The Last Years of Andalusia", is important not only in terms of the period in which it is lived but also in terms of its addressing a very important issue that maintains its update in regard to Turkish-Islamic history as well as world history. In this article, the folkloric elements such as folk songs, folk stories, legends, memorat, formative numbers, transitional periods, naming, totemism, nicknames, clothing and folk beliefs were determined from the roots of the novel named The Land of Pomegranate The Last Years of Andalusia and were analyzed.

Keywords: Muhsin Kadolu, The Land of Pomegranate The Last Years of Andalusia, Reconquista, Folklore.


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