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Eurasian Academy Of Sciences Social Sciences JournalYl:2017 Say: 15 Alan: Tarih

Mehmet Sedat Erkan
YUNAN DDALARINA GRE ZMRN GAL NEDENLER
 
zmirin igalinin Trk tarihinde nemli bir yeri vardr. Trk Kurtulu Savann balamasna, milli mcadele ruhunun domasna sebep olmutur. Yunanllarn zmir ehrini ve dolaysyla Bat Anadoluyu igal nedenleri ve ileri srdkleri tezler nelerdir ? Kendilerini hangi bakmlardan hakl gryorlard? Yunanllarn tarihsel amac olan Megali dea ( Byk lk ) erevesinde zmirin ve Kk Asya diye adlandrdklar Bat Anadolu Blgesinin igalinin iki gerekesi vardr. Birincisi bu topraklar 3000 yldan beri ata yurtlar olup Yunan topradr ve Trk igali altndadr, ikincisi buralarda yaklak iki milyondan fazla Rum nfus vardr ve zulm altnda yaayan bu insanlarn biran nce kurtarlmalar gerekmektedir. Kuaktan kuaa aktarlan Megali dea fikri ve dnceleri ile yetien Yunan aydnlar, Osmanl imparatorluunu paralamak isteyen ngiltere, Rusya ve Fransa tarafndan verilen destekle, zaman iinde etkili bir hareket yaratmay baarmlardr. Yunanistann ileri srdkleri abartlm ve aslsz bu nedenler Yunan Babakan Elefterios Venizelos tarafndan daha Birinci Dnya sava esnasnda gizli ve ak grmelerde ilenmi ve kamuoyu oluturulmutur. I.Dnya Savana Almanya, Avusturya - Macaristan ve Bulgaristann yannda giren Osmanl Devleti ktann eitli cephelerinde ve drt yl gibi uzun bir zaman diliminde srdrlen ok kanl atmalar sonucu taraf olduu devletlerle birlikte 29 Ekim 1918 de kesin yenilgiye urayarak 30 Ekim 1918 gn Mondros Atekes Anlamasn imzalamak zorunda kalmtr. Mondros Atekes Anlamasndan sonra galip devletlerin oluturduu Paris Bar Konferansnda 5 mays 1919 tarihinde Yunanistan lehine karar olumu ve zmirin igali gereklemitir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Trk kurtulu Sava, Megali dea, Mondros Atekes Anlamas, Paris Bar Konferans


THE REASONS FOR OCCUPATION OF IZMIR ACCORDING TO GREEK CLAIMS
 
The occupation of zmir has an important place in Turkish history. It initiated the Turkish War of Independence and evoked the spirit of national struggle. What are the reasons and theses the Greeks put forth for their invasion of the city of zmir and thereon Western Anatolia? On what grounds did they consider themselves right? There are two reasons for the invasion of Izmir and the Western Anatolian Region, which they call Asia Minor, within the framework of Megali Idea (Great Idea)-the historical goal of the Greeks. First, these lands have been their homeland for over 3000 years. They are are mainly Greek land and under Turkish occupation. Secondly, there are more than two million Greek Cypriots here and these people who live under persecution must be rescued immediately. The Greek intellectuals who grew up with the ideas and thoughts of Megali Idea in time succeeded to create an effective movement with the support given by Britain, Russia and France, which aim to disintegrate the Ottoman Empire. The exaggerated and unsubstantiated reasons that Greece claimed were processed by Greek Prime Minister Elefterios Venizelos in open and clandestine negotiations during the First World War and a public opinion was created. The Ottoman Empire, which entered the First World War with Germany, Austria, Hungary and Bulgaria, was definitely defeated on October 29, 1918 together with its allies after bloody conflicts continued for as long as four years on the various fronts of the three continents. In the end, they had to sign the Mondros Armistice Agreement on October 30, 1918. At the Paris Peace Conference of the victorious states after the Mondros Armistice Agreement, a decision was made in favor of Greece on 5 May 1919 and the occupation of zmir was realized.

Keywords: Turkish War of Independence, Megali Idea, Mondros Armistice Agreement, Paris Peace Conference


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