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Eurasian Academy Of Sciences Social Sciences JournalYl:2021 Say: 39 Alan: Tarih

Yusuf BUDAK
ABBS HALFES EL-MUKTED B-EMRLLH DNEMNDE ABBS-SELUKLU MNASEBETLER (468-487/1075-1094)
 
Seluklu-Abbs ilikileri Turul Bey'in Badat'a davet edilmesi ile nemli bir boyut kazanmtr. Bu iki devlet arasnda var olan iliki siyasi ve din bir boyut ierisinde ele almak daha uygun olacaktr. Seluklu sultanlarnn halifenin din gcnden yararlanarak saltanatlarn daha gl bir konuma getirme niyetindeydiler. Abbs halifeleri ise bir gce yanaarak kendilerini bask altna alan dier unsurlar bertaraf etmeye alyorlard. Bu gelimeler dorultusunda Abbs-Seluklu yaknlamas gereklemi ve birbirleri ile kz alp kz vermek suretiyle yaknlama olayn daha da ileriye tamlardr. Ancak evlilikler ile gerekleen bu yaknlama birbirlerinin iilerine karma frsat da vermi oluyordu. Abbs-Seluklu ilikilerinin el-Mukted dneminde ok daha ileri bir seviyeye geldiini gryoruz. Nitekim Sultan Melikh vefat edince Terken hatun ile halife el-Mukted arasnda pek ok grme gerekletirilerek Terken hatunun olu Mahmut'un Sultan olabilmesi iin halifeden onay almak zorunda kalmtr. Yaanan bu gelimeler Seluklu-Abbs ilikilerinin halife el-Mukted dneminde mahiyetini az ok ortaya koymaktadr.

Anahtar Kelimeler: el-Mukted Bi-Emrillh, Abbsler, Melikh, Terken Hatun, Nizamlmlk


ABBASID-SELJUK RELATIONS DURING THE PERIOD OF ABBASID KHALIFAH AL-MUQTADI BI-AMR ALLAH
 
Seljuk-Abbasid relations had gained an important level with the invitation of Tughril Beg to Baghdad. It would be more appropriate to consider the existing relationship between these two states in a political and religious way. Seljuk sultans intended to use the religious power of the caliph to make their position and reign stronger. On the other hand, Abbasid caliphs, were trying to be close the sultans to eliminate possible threats which may approach to them. Parallel to these developments, Abbasid-Seljuk rapprochement took place and they took this rapprochement to a further stage by making marriages between each other. However, this rapprochement with marriages gave them the opportunity to interfere in each other's internal affairs. It is obvious that Abbasid-Seljuk relations have reached a much more advanced level during the caliph al-Muqtadi. As a matter of fact, when Sultan Malikshah passed away, many meetings were held between Tarkan Khatun and the caliph al-Muqtadi and he had to obtain approval from the caliph in order to make Tarkan Khatuns son Mahmud to become Sultan. These developments more or less give a clear understanding of Abbasid-Seljuk relations during the caliph al-Muqtadi period.

Keywords: al-Muqtadi bi-Amr Allah, Abbasids, Seljuks, Malikshah, Tarkan Khatun, Nizam al-mulk


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