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Eurasian Academy Of Sciences Social Sciences JournalYl:2021 Say: 39 Alan: Corafya

Rt ILGAR
KRESELLEME ve HOMO EKONOMCUS BALAMINDA DOAL KAYNAKLAR ZERNDEK BASKILAR
 
Yerkrede insann var oluundan gnmze kadar, insanolu temel ihtiyalarn gidermek amacyla eitli yollara bavurmutur. lk balarda mavi gezegende dzenli ileyen dengeyi bozmadan kendi ihtiyalarn karlamtr. Ne var ki zellikle 19. yzylda gnmze yaanan drt sanayi devrimi ve kreselleme etkisiyle lkelerin kar politikalar, gelien teknoloji, retimi artran pazar araylar, vb. kresel lekte birtakm olumsuzluklar beraberine getirmitir. Gnmzde arln hissettiren olgu kreselleme kavram olmutur (meknn skmas, daralmas, snrlarn ortadan kalkmas, dnyann aynlamas vs.). Yeryznden her gn 800 milyon insan a yatmaktadr. Dnyada her yl 11 milyon kiinin alk veya yetersiz beslenme yznden ld tahmin edilmektedir. Homo economicus ile modern yaam beraberinde hzl ve ar tketmeyi tetiklemitir. Artk ihtiya ve arlk kavramlarnn ayrt edilmesi olduka glemitir. Buna karn doa iin yaplacak en iyimser direni ise tasarruf nlemleridir. Bu da dnyann kstl kaynaklarnn gelecek nesiller asndan srdrlebilirliine katk salayacaktr.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Kreselleme, homo economicus, doal kaynak, tasarruf


DUE TO GLOBALIZATION and HOMO ECONOMICUS PRESSURE ON NATURAL RESOURCES
 
People have attempted to meet their different needs since they appeared on the earth. They have led their lives in a dynamic environment, which works without interfering with the homeostatic balance in the earth. However; four industrial revolution from the 19 century to today and globalization has cause that developing technology, quest of countries increasing their production for markets, policies based on profits henceforward, have brought with global scale changes. The term globalization has become influential (compression and restriction of place, elimination of the boundaries, becoming similar etc.). 800 million people on earth go to bed hungry every day. It is estimated that 11 million people worldwide die each year from hunger or malnutrition. Homo economicus, with modern lifestyle has brought fast and excessive consumption. By the way, it has become very difficult to distinguish between the concepts of needs and excision . On the other hand, the most optimistic effort to be made is conservational precautions for nature, so this will contribute in terms of future generations immeasurably to the sustainability of the limited source of The Earth.

Keywords: Globalization, homo economicus, natural resource, saving


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