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Eurasian Academy Of Sciences Social Sciences JournalYl:2021 Say: 36 Alan: Sanat Tarihi ve Arkeoloji

Tuba DZENL, Elif Merve ALPAK
KENTSEL AIK MEKANLARI SANAT NESNES OLARAK YORUMLAMAK: TRABZON PAZARKAPI EVRE TASARIM PROJELER
 
Sanat algyla balar ve bir mekn kurgusuna dnr. Grdmz lde deil, algladmz kadaryla mekn duyumsarz. Sanatn meknla kurduu iliki, ok katmanl ve deiken sonular sergileyebilir. Mekndaki boluk sanat yapt tarafndan snrlandrlp tanmlanncaya kadar farkl srelerden geer. Sanat yaptnn bir meknda var oluuyla mekn yere dnr. Deneyim alan sanatla birletiinde artk bir boluktan te yer olma zellii tar. Kentsel ak meknlar da yer e dntrme tasarmclarn ncelikli amalarndan olmal, bu srete sanatla olan ilikisi de ele alnmaldr. Kentsel ak mekn tasarm sreci, peyzaj - sanat ilikisi asndan farkl ekillerde incelenebilir. Farkl ak mekn kullanmlar ve farkllaan sanat anlaylar bu alardan bazlardr. Bu farkl bak alarndan en gncel olan, bir sanat nesnesi olarak mekn olgusudur. Bu almada; kentsel ak meknlarla sanatn ilikilerinin kurulmasnda, tasarmcya den grevlerin ortaya karlmas hedeflenmitir. alma kapsamnda Karadeniz Teknik niversitesi Peyzaj Mimarl Blm evre Tasarm Proje 6 Dersi sreci ve bu srete yaplan Pazarkap renci tasarmlar sanatsal adan irdelenmitir. Sonuta incelenen evre tasarm projelerinin belirledikleri konseptlere uygun olarak ak meknlar sanat objesi olarak ele aldklar, sanat nesnesi olarak zgn rt elemanlar, su elemanlar, amfiler, deme ve donatlar tasarladklar belirlenmitir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Kentsel mekn, peyzaj mimarl, sanat, evre tasarm


INTERPRETING URBAN OPEN SPACES AS AN ART OBJECT: TRABZON PAZARKAPI ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN PROJECTS
 
Art begins with perception and transforms into a space setup. We sense space not to the extent that we see, but as far as we perceive it. The relationship of art with space can exhibit multi-layered and variable results. The void in the space gets through different processes until it is limited and defined by the work of art. The space turns into a "place" through the existence of a work of art in a space. When the field of experience is combined with art, it is qualified as a "place" rather than a void. Transforming urban open spaces into places should be one of the primary purpose of designers, and its relationship with art should also be addressed during this process. The urban open space design process can be examined in different manners in terms of the relationship between landscape and art. Different uses of open spaces and differentiating art concepts are some of these perspectives. The most current one among these different perspectives is the phenomenon of 'space as an art object'. It is aimed to reveal the designers part in establishing the relationship of art with urban open spaces, in this study. The process of the Environmental Design Project Class 6 provided by the Department of Landscape Architecture at Karadeniz Technical University (KTU) and students design of Pazarkap performed during the said process were examined in terms of art. As a result, it was determined that the environmental design projects examined considered open spaces as art objects and designed original covering elements, water elements, amphi theaters, flooring and furnitures as art objects in accordance with the concepts they determined.

Keywords: Urban space, Landscape Architecture, art, environmental design


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